FEDERAL DEATH PENALTY
July 30, 2018
Since 1988, the federal government has taken to trial a total of 206 federal death penalty cases involving 301 defendants in 236 trials. These 301 defendants were culled from a larger pool of 516 against whom the Attorney General had authorized the government to seek the death penalty. (One defendant, Ricky Allen Fackerel, was "authorized" twice for two separate murders.) Excluding 16 defendants who are awaiting or currently on trial on capital charges, 239 of the remaining 500 defendants avoided trial by negotiated plea, when the government dropped its request for the death penalty without a plea agreement, dismissed charges entirely or the judge barred the death penalty. Fourteen were found not guilty of the capital charge. Two others were declared innocent by the government. Charges were dismissed against a third when grave questions were raised about his guilt. There have been three executions. Two death row inmates were granted clemency. In cases where juries actually reached the point of choosing between life and death, they imposed 152 (64%) life sentences and 85 (36%) death sentences. Of these 85 sentences of death, 4 defendants received a death sentence twice. Three additional defendants received death verdicts, but new trials were granted and life sentences resulted - one by jury, another by plea, and third by judge. An additional defendant received a life sentence, but the government filed for and received a new trial.
The dispositions of these cases is summarized below:
Of the total of 516 defendants against whom the Attorney General has authorized the government to request the death penalty, 139 have been white, or 27%, 96 Hispanic, or 19%, 23 Asian/Indian/Pacific Islander/Native American, or 4%, 3 Arab, or 1% and 255 African-Americans, or 49%. 377 of the 516, or 73%, of the defendants approved for a capital prosecution by the Attorney Generals to date are members of minority groups. Thirty-seven of the 62 defendants now on federal death row under active death sentences, or 58% are non-white. Thirty-seven or 58% of federal death row were convicted of killing whites. Only 189, or 37% of the 516 authorized killed whites. One hundred, or 19% of the 516 killed a white female. Twenty-three of the 62 defendants currently on death row, or 37%, killed a white female.